Pane con lievito naturale

Because of the stiff nature of the Italian style sourdough we encounter a reoccurring difficulty when making lean bread dough. That difficulty being excessive dough strength and the reason for this, is that unlike a wet sourdough culture the activity of protease enzymes is very minimal comparatively. Add to this the tightening effect of gluten by acid (acid makes gluten absorb more water than it would normally) we end up with a very stiff starter that requires a lot of effort to work out when introducing ingredients like water (or fat and sugar) which balance this strength with extensibility. Even when a suitably balanced dough is achieved, likely with very high hydration levels, it only gets stronger as it ferments and proves. Evidence of this can be seen when the dough rises vertically, with splitting occurring in various places.

Excessively strong dough proving

Biga acida: (12hrs at 18C)
50g lievito madre
96g water
200g flour

Final dough: (2hrs ferment at 30C, 4 hrs proof at 30C)
320g biga acida
640g flour
544g water
16g salt

Panettone Paradiso

“Extra paradise” panettone from Cresci

286 10000 Flour W280
66 2300 Lievito Naturale
100 3500 Sugar
149 5200 Water
100 3500 Butter
0.29 10 Fresh yeast
40 1400 Sugar
57 2000 Honey
2.86 100 Diastatic malt powder
0.86 30 Fresh yeast
100 3500 Butter
63 2200 Egg yolks
86 3000 Walnuts
57 2000 Raisins
29 1000 Dark chocolate drops
2.86 100 Salt
—— —– Flavourings (Orange zest and vanilla)
1139.87 39840

I made two changes, one was to omit the added compressed yeast and the other was  substituting some of the walnuts with candied orange peel.

One of my finest panettoni. Incredibly soft and light which makes hard work when slicing. A fantastic bready texture that tears beautifully when pulled apart.

This is a very difficult formula to achieve success. The enriching ingredients in ratio to the flour are higher than any other panettone. This is due to their being no flour added in the second dough.