Biga

In Italy, “biga” is a general term for a pre-ferment. A biga is used to improve bread texture and flavour. Normally this is a stiff dough left to ferment at a cool temperature. A biga will contribute acidity, dough strength and improve shelf life.

The defining characteristics of a true biga are; the cool temperature (16-18C) rise and the 1% yeast ratio.

Traditional / Classical Biga: (left to ferment at 16-18° C for approx 18hrs.)

  • 1kg strong white flour
  • 450ml cold water
  • 10g fresh yeast

Mix on slow speed for no more than 5 minutes. Final dough temperature must not exceed 21° C.

Mixing Tips: Place flour and yeast in the mixer bowl and turn on. Weigh the water separately and add to the flour in stages to form crumbs. Continue mixing adding the last of the water until a dough forms. Roll or press out the dough to make flat. Cover and place in a refrigerator for about 30-60 minutes, to bring down the dough temperature. Remove from the fridge, ball up, cover loosely and leave to ferment in a cool place.

Mature Biga: pH 5.0 – 5.2

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s